IUCN Species of the Day: Central American River Turtle


The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(tm)

Photo credit: John Polisar


The Central American River Turtle, Dermatemys mawii, is listed as ‘CRITICALLY ENDANGERED’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM. The last remaining representative of a turtle family dating back 65 million years, this unique species reaches a shell length of up to 60 cm.

It is entirely aquatic, inhabiting rivers, lagoons, and other large wetlands in southern Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize. It is barely able to move on land, and rather than emerging onto land to nest, females instead construct nests at the waterline during floods, and the eggs only begin developing after the water level has dropped. This species is highly esteemed for local consumption, and intensive collection, particularly ahead of festivals, has depleted populations severely across most or all of its range.

It is protected or regulated in all range countries and under CITES, but local enforcement is largely lacking. Increased public awareness, population recovery efforts, and improved enforcement to prevent overexploitation are all urgently needed.


Geographic Range of the Central American River Turtle

Credit: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™


To learn more about the Central American River Turtle, click here. Or visit the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ by clicking their logo below.

To learn more about the Bush Warriors “Species of the Day” feature, please click here and read up on our initiative to raise awareness about the loss of earth’s biodiversity.

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