IUCN Species of the Day: Huemul

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(tm)

Photo credit: Rod Chile

The Huemul, Hippocamelus bisulcus, is listed as ‘ENDANGERED’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. Once widespread across the southern Andes and Patagonia, this deer now has a much more restricted range within southern Argentina and Chile.

The Huemul’s decline has been attributed to a range of factors, including overhunting, overstocking of its habitat with domestic livestock, land conversion to agriculture, and, more locally, threats such as construction, logging, poaching and disease. Suitable winter habitat has been almost entirely eliminated, and illegal hunting continues in many areas. The remaining subpopulations are small and fragmented, and the species may now total fewer than 1,500 individuals.

Although now fully protected in Chile and Argentina, most of the Huemul population occurs outside of protected areas, and laws are often poorly enforced even within reserves. Urgent conservation measures include raising awareness of its plight, promoting the creation of private protected areas, removing livestock in national parks, and captive breeding.

Geographic Range of the Huemul

Credit: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™

To learn more about the Huemul, click here.  Or visit the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ by clicking their logo below.

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To learn more about the Bush Warriors “Species of the Day” feature, please click here and read up on our initiative to raise awareness about the loss of earth’s biodiversity.