By doing a quick Google search you will find many articles and websites that deal with composition.
You will read about the rule of thirds and other guidelines which are all aimed at helping you take better pictures. In the coming weeks we will look at these compositional guidelines in a whole lot more detail but for now let’s look at space.
In wildlife photography, wild animals need space to move into. They need space to look into.
When I am out in the field with new photographers, all too often they place their subject dead centre in the frame. On every frame.
There are most definitely times when you want to place your subject in the middle of your image but not all the time. Here are a few examples.
The Brown Hyena’s face has been placed in the middle of the frame. The important thing to take note of is open space on the left of the animal. This negative space is important as it leaves room for the animals to move into and makes for a much more dynamic image.
Try this, take your hand, or a piece of paper, and place it directly to the left of the hyena’s face. By doing this, and cutting out all of the negative space, you can see how it changes the look and feel of the image.
Here is another example.
As with the Brown Hyena, the little bird has been placed almost in the middle of the frame but there is a lot of space for it to look into.
In both the above examples you can almost not help but following the invisible line that gets created by the direction the animals is moving or looking in and the moment you get your viewer’s eyes moving around your image you have created a good image. A good visual story.
Now there are definitely times when you want to cut down on the space you leave for your subjects.
When you cage your subject, by not leaving any negative space for it to move into, it makes the images a little more ‘tense’.
By going in tight on the more dangerous you can create rather interesting images. Look at the example below.
This image would not have been half as powerful if the spider was placed in one corner with a lot of space around it. In this case, the lack of space around the subject enhances the ‘danger’.
When you are out photographing wildlife take a second and thing about how space, or the lack thereof, can impact your images!
As time goes on we will be looking at many different approaches to wildlife photography. If, however, you have any specific questions or you would like me to discuss a certain approach , whether technical or artistic, please feel free to contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Have a great weekend and see you next week.
Gerry van der Walt